Thursday, March 16, 2017

Merry Company

Dirck Hals, Merry Company at Table, 1627–29

Merry company is the term in art history for a painting, usually from the 17th century, showing a small group of people enjoying themselves, usually seated with drinks, and often music-making. These scenes are a very common type of genre painting of the Dutch Golden Age and Flemish Baroque; it is estimated that nearly two thirds of Dutch genre scenes show people drinking.

The term is the usual translation of the Dutch geselschapje, or vrolijk gezelschap, and is capitalized when used as a title for a work, and sometimes as a term for the type. The scenes may be set in the home, a garden, or a tavern, and the gatherings range from decorous groups in wealthy interiors to groups of drunk men with prostitutes. Gatherings that are relatively decorous and expensively dressed, with similar numbers of men and women, often standing, may be called Elegant Company or Gallant Company, while those showing people who are clearly peasants are more likely to use that word in their title. Such subjects in painting are most common in Dutch art between about 1620 and 1670.
 Willem Pietersz. Buytewech, Merry Company, c. 1620, apart from the maid an all male group

Prostitution is clearly indicated in this scene by Gerard van Honthorst of 1623, complete with aged procuress, low cleavage, and a feathered headdress on the second girl.

Abraham van den Hecken, A Merry Company in a Tavern, 1640s

Jacob Ochtervelt, Musical Company in an Interior, c. 1670

Simon de Vos, 1630s; according to the owning museum "Well-bred young ladies did not join parties in public inns; these smiling women are prostitutes".

Jacob Duck, 1635-40 

Jan van Hemessen, The Prodigal Son, 1536
Peter Paul Rubens, Garden of Love, 1630–35, the apotheosis of the outdoor courtly company

Adriaen Brouwer, Inn with Drunken Peasants, 1620s

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